Essential Clinical Anatomy, 4th Edition
Fifteen years have passed since the first edition of Essential Clinical Anatomy was published. As in the previous three editions, the main aim of the fourth edition is to provide a compact yet thorough textbook of clinical anatomy for students and practitioners in the health care professions and related disciplines. We have made the book even more student friendly. The presentations:
Provide a basic text of human clinical anatomy for use in current health sciences curricula; Present an appropriate amount of clinically relevant anatomical material in a readable and interesting form; Place emphasis on clinical anatomy that is important for practice; Provide a concise clinically oriented anatomical overview for clinical courses in subsequent years; Serve as a rapid review when preparing for examinations, particularly those prepared by the National Board of Medical Examiners; and
Offer enough information for those wishing to refresh their knowledge of clinical anatomy. This edition has been thoroughly revised keeping in mind the many invaluable comments received from students, colleagues, and reviewers. The key features include: Revised text with a stronger clinical orientation.
A number of new illustrations have been created, and many existing illustrations have been revised, re-colored, and resized. Most illustrations are in full color and designed to highlight important facts and show their relationship to clinical medicine and surgery. A great effort has been made to further improve clarity of labeling, to place illustrations on the pages being viewed as the illustrations are cited in the text, and to eliminate disruptions in the continuity of the running text.
More illustrated clinical correlations, known as “blue boxes,” have been included to help with the understanding of the practical value of anatomy. In response to our readers’ suggestions, the blue boxes have been grouped. They are also classified by the following icons to indicate the type of clinical information covered: Anatomical variat ions icon. These blue boxes feature anatomical variations that may be encountered in the dissection lab or in practice, emphasizing the clinical importance of awareness of such variations. Life cycle icon. These blue boxes emphasize prenatal developmental factors that affect postnatal anatomy and anatomical phenomena specifically associated with stages of life—childhood, adolescence, adult, and advanced age. Trauma icon. The effect of traumatic events—such as fractures of bones or dislocations of joints—on normal anatomy and the clinical manifestations and dysfunction resulting from such injuries are featured in these blue boxes. Diagnost ic procedures icon. Anatomical features and observations that play a role in physical diagnosis are targeted in these blue boxes.
Surgical procedures icon. These blue boxes address such topics as the anatomical basis of surgical procedures, such as the planning of incisions and the anatomical basis of regional anesthesia. Pathology icon. The effect of disease on normal anatomy, such as cancer of the breast, and anatomical structures or principles involved in the confinement or dissemination of disease within the body are the types of topics covered in these blue boxes.
Surface anatomy is integrated into the chapter at the time each region is being discussed to demonstrate the relationship between anatomy and physical examination, diagnosis, and clinical procedures. Medical images (radiographic, CT, MRI, and ultrasonography studies) have been included, often with correlative illustrations. Current diagnostic imaging techniques demonstrate anatomy as it is often viewed clinically. Case studies accompanied by clinico-anatomical problems and USMLE-style multiple-choice questions. Interactive case studies and multiple-choice questions are available to our readers online at http://thePoint.lww. com/ECA4e,
providing a convenient and comprehensive means of selftesting and review. Instructor’s resources and supplemental materials, including images exportable for Power Point presentation, are available through http://thePoint.lww.com/ECA4e.
The terminology adheres to the Terminologica Anatomica (1998) approved by the International Federation of Anatomists (IFAA). The official English-equivalent terms are used throughout the present edition. When new terms are introduced, however, the Latin forms as used in Europe, Asia and other parts of the world appear in parentheses. The roots and derivation of terms are included to help students understand the meaning of the terminology. Eponyms, although not endorsed by the IFAA, appear in parentheses to assist students during their clinical studies. The parent of this book, Clinically Oriented Anatomy (COA), is recommended as a resource for more detailed descriptions of human anatomy and its relationship and importance to medicine and surgery. It is a pleasure to welcome Arthur F. Dalley II to or team of authors. Essential Clinical Anatomy, in addition to its own unique illustrations and manuscript, has utilized from the outset materials from Clinically Oriented Anatomy and Grant’s Atlas. Arthur’s expertise, extensive knowledge of clinical anatomy, and innovative eaching methods have enhanced this, the fourth edition of Essential Clinical Anatomy. We again welcome your comments and suggestions for improvements in future editions.
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